London Landmarks & Attractions
Standing in the middle of Whitehall, the Cenotaph (which means "empty tomb"), designed by Sir Edward Lutyens, is a monument to Britain's war dead. Constructed as a temporary memorial in 1917, it was completed in stone in 1920. Originally intended to honor British and Commonwealth soldiers who died in World War I, a dedication was added in 1946 for those who died in World War II. Each year, the Cenotaph is the centerpiece of ceremonies honoring war dead on Armistice Day, November 11.