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by David Nash Ford BA,
History on Britannia
A little out of the main centre of York, Walmgate Bar is the only city gate to retain its outer defensive barbican. It is basically a 12th century structure but has been much restored over the centuries. Treasures survive, however, in the wooden doors which date back to the 15th century and the inner facade which carries a late 16th century classical style house, where the artist and historian, John Browne, was born in 1793.
A gun emplacement in St. Laurence's Churchyard heavily bombarded Walmgate Bar, during the Civil War Siege of York (1644). A tunnel was even dug beneath it in which to plant explosives to demolish the structure. Luckily, a parliamentarian prisoner revealed the plan before it could be carried out. Though the barbican wall still sags where the hollow lies below.
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