email Britannia





Britannia Home
History Home
London Home
Travel Home



Monarchs of Britain
Timeline of History
Time Periods of History
History Resources
History Articles
Historical Maps
Britain's Prime Ministers
English Country Houses
Early British Kingdoms




........................

AD
633 - Mercians under Penda defeat Northumbrians

642 - Mercians under Penda again defeat the Northumbrians

655 - Oswy, king of Northumbria, defeats and kills Penda of Mercia

664 - Synod of Whitby; Oswy abandons the Celtic Christian Church and accepts the faith of Rome: decline of the Celtic Church

731 - Venerable Bede, British monk, completes his history of the Church in England

735 - Death of the Venerable Bede

757 - Offa, King of Mercia (to796): he builds Offa's Dyke to keep out the Welsh

779 - Offa, King of Mercia, becomes King of all England

782 - Charlemagne summons the monk and scholar Alcuin of York to head the palace school at Aachen: revival of learning in Europe

793 - Vikings invade Britain for the first time in a surprise attack on the monastic community at Lindisfarne (Holy Island).

796 - Death of Offa: end of Mercian supremacy in England

802 - Egbert, King of Wessex (to839)

828 - Egbert of Wessex is recognized as overlord of other English kings

839 - AEthelwulf, son of Egbert, King of Wessex (to 858)

844 - Kenneth MacAlpine, King of the Scots, conquers the Picts; founds a unified Scotland

858 - AEthelbald, eldest son of AEthelwulf, King of Wessex (to 860)

860 - AEthelbert, second son of AEthelwulf, King of Wessex (to 865)

865 - AEthelred I, third son of AEthelwulf, King of Wessex (to 871)

871 - The Danes attack Wessex; are defeated by AEthelred at Ashdown

878 - Alfred decisively defeats the Danes at Edington; by the Peace of Wedmore, England is divided between Wessex in the south and the Danes in the north, the Danelaw

886 - Alfred captures London from the Danes

899 - Edward the Elder, King of Wessex (to 924)

901 - Edward the Elder takes the title "King of the Angles and Saxons"

913 - Edward the Elder recaptures Essex from the Danes

924 - Athelstan, son of Edward the Elder, becomes king of Wessex and effective ruler of most of England (to 939)

926 - Athelstan annexes Northumbria, and forces the kings of Wales, Strathclyde, the Picts, and the Scots to submit to him

937 - Battle of Brunanburh: Athelstan defeats alliance of Scots, Celts, Danes, and Vikings, and takes the title of "King of all Britain"

939 - Edmund, brother of Athelstan, King of England (to 946)

945 - Dunstan becomes abbot of Glastonbury

946 - Edred, younger brother of Edmund, King of England (to 955); Dunstan is named his chief minister

955 - Edwy, son of Edmund, King of England (to 959)

956 - Dunstan sent into exile by Edwy

957 - Mercians and Northumbrians rebel against Edwy

959 - Edgar the Peaceful, younger brother of Edwy, King of England (to 975)

975 - Edward the Martyr, son of Edgar, King of England (to 978)

978 - Edward the Martyr murdered at Corfe Castle; AEthelred II, the Unready (ill-counselled), younger brother of Edward the Martyr, King of England (to 1016)

980 - The Danes renew their raids on England attacking Chester and Southampton

991 - Battle of Maldon: Byrhtnoth of Essex defeated by Danish invaders; AEthelred II buys off the Danes with 10,000 pounds of silver (Danegeld)

992 - AEthelred makes a truce with Duke Richard I of Normandy

994 - Danes under Sweyn and Norwegians under Olaf Trygvesson sail up river Thames and besiege London; bought off by AEthelred

1003 - Sweyn and an army of Norsemen land in England and wreak a terrible vengeance

1007 - AEthelred buys two years' peace from the Danes for 36,000 pounds of silver

1012 - The Danes sack Canterbury: bought off for 48,000 pounds of silver

1013 - Sweyn lands in England and is proclaimed king; AEthelred flees to
Normandy

1014 - The English recall AEthelred II as King on the death of Sweyn; Canute retreats to Denmark

1015 - Canute again invades England; war between Danes and Saxons

1016 - Edmund Ironside, son of AEthelred II, King of England: he and Canute divide the kingdom, Canute holds the north and Edmund Wessex; Edmund is assassinated; Canute, King of England (to 1035)

1017 - Canute divides England into four earldoms

1019 - Canute marries Emma of Normandy, widow of AEthelred II

1035 - Death of Canute: his possessions are divided; Harold I, Harefoot, becomes King of England (to 1040)

1040 - Hardicanute, King of England (to 1042); he dies of drink

1042 - Edward the Confessor, son of AEthelred II, King of England (to 1066)

1051 - Earl Godwin exiled (until 1052): he returns with a fleet and wins back his power

1052 - Edward the Confessor founds Westminster Abbey, near London

1053 - Death of Godwin: his son Harold succeeds him as Earl of Wessex

1055 - Harold's brother Tostig becomes Earl of Northumbria

1063 - Harold and Tostig subdue Wales

1064 - Harold is shipwrecked in Normandy; while there, he swears a solemn oath to support William of Normandy's claim to England

1065 - Northumbria rebels against Tostig, who is exiled



TIMELINE: 1066 AD-1487 AD


  Britannia.com      Copyright ©1999 Britannia.com, LLC