978 - Edward the Martyr murdered at Corfe
Castle upon the orders of his step-mother;
Aethelred II, the Unready (ill-counselled),
younger brother of Edward the Martyr, King of
England (to 1016). English troops are deployed on
the Lleyn Peninsula on behalf of King Hywel of
Gwynedd in order to prevent his uncle, Iago,
invading with Viking allies from Dublin. St.
Dunstan completes the cloisteral buildings and
his western extensions to the Abbey Church of St.
Augustine's Abbey, Canterbury. The church is
rededicated to St. Peter, St. Paul and St.
980 - The Danes renew their raids on England
attacking Chester and Southampton. Manx Vikings
led by King Godfred I ally themselves with Prince
Custennin of Gwynedd and raid Anglesey and the
Lleyn Peninsula. Custennin is killed. Foundation
of Amesbury Abbey.
983 - Ealdorman Aelfhere of Mercia allies
himself with King Hywel of Gwynedd and together
they attack the lands of Prince Einion of
984 - Death of Bishop Aethelwold of
Winchester. He is buried in Winchester Old
Minster and later revered as a saint.
985 - The English kill King Hywel of Gwynedd
987 - Re-foundation of Cerne Abbey.
c.988 - Manx Vikings, under King Godfred I,
991 - Battle of Maldon: Byrhtnoth of Essex is
defeated by Danish invaders; Aethelred II buys
off the Danes with 10,000 pounds of silver (Danegeld).
992 - Aethelred makes a truce with Duke
Richard I of Normandy.
993 - King Aethelred the Unready appoints
Aelfhelm as Ealdorman of Northumbria in place of
the aging Waltheof I. Re-foundation of Sherborne
994 - Danes under Sweyn and Norwegians under
Olaf Trygvesson sail up river Thames and besiege
London; bought off by Aethelred.
995 - Uhtred, son of Ealdorman Waltheof I of
Northumbria, establishes an episcopal see at
Durham and moves the monastic community of
Chester-Le-Street there. Foundation of Evesham
c.1000 - Medshamstead is made into a Burgh.
It soon becomes known as St. Peter's Burgh
1003 - Sweyn and an army of Norsemen land in
England and wreak a terrible vengeance.
1006 - Ealdorman Aelfhelm of Northumbria falls
foul of King Aethelred the Unready who has him
1007 - Aethelred buys two years' peace from
the Danes for 36,000 pounds of silver. Uhtred,
son of Ealdorman Waltheof I of Northumbria, is
appointed to his father's old position.
1011 - Thorkell the Tall and his brother,
Hemming, plunder Canterbury, burn the city and
the Cathedral, and make off with Archbishop
Alphege to Greenwich. St. Alphage refuses to be
ransomed and the Vikings throw ox-bones at him in
a drunken orgee and kill him.
1012 - The Danes sack Canterbury: bought off
for 48,000 pounds of silver.
1013 - King Sweyn Forkbeard of Denmark lands
in England and is proclaimed king; Aethelred II
the Unready flees to Normandy.
c.1013 - Archbishop Lyfing probably restores
Canterbury Cathedral, adding porticus towers and
a massive 'westwerk'.
1014 - The English recall Aethelred II the
Unready as King on the death of King Sweyn
Forkbeard; the latter's son, Canute (II),
retreats to Denmark and turns his attention to
1015 - King Canute II of Denmark & Norway
again invades England; war between Danes and
1016 - Edmund Ironside, son of Aethelred II
the Unready of England, becomes King. He and King
Canute II of Denmark & Norway meet on the
Isle of Alney near Deerhurst and agree to divide
the kingdom: Canute holds the north and Edmund
Wessex; Edmund is assassinated; Canute takes the
throne as King Canute the Great of England.
1017 - King Canute the Great divides England
into four earldoms.
1019 - King Canute the Great marries the
Dowager-Queen Emma, widow of Aethelred II. Canute
gives the relics of St. Wigstan to Evesham Abbey.
They are translated from Repton.
1026 - King Canute the Great's steward, Orc,
founds Abbotsbury Abbey.
1035 - Death of Canute the Great of England,
Denmark & Norway: his possessions are
divided; Harold I Harefoot, becomes King of
England (to 1040).
1040 - Hardicanute, King of England (to 1042);
he dies of drink.
1042 - Edward the Confessor, son of Aethelred
II, King of England (to 1066).
1046 - Sweyn, son of Earl Godwin of Wessex,
attempts to marry Abbess Eadgifu of Leominster.
c.1050 - Abbot Wulfric of St. Augustine's
Abbey, Canterbury embarks on a flamboyant
programme of building-work at his abbey. He adds
a further western chapel and bell-tower to the
monastic complex and begins to join St. Mary's to
the Abbey Church with a huge rotunda based on
that at St. Benigne at Dijon.
1051 - Earl Godwin exiled (until 1052): he
returns with a fleet and wins back his power.
1052 - Edward the Confessor founds Westminster
Abbey, near London.
1053 - Death of Godwin: his son Harold
succeeds him as Earl of Wessex. Earl Harold of
Wessex begins a programme of building work at
Waltham Abbey which includes the addition of a
huge eastern crossing.
1055 - Harold's brother Tostig becomes Earl of
1058 - The See of Sherborne is joined to that
of Ramsbury & Sonning.
1063 - Harold and Tostig subdue Wales.
1064 - Harold is shipwrecked in Normandy;
while there, he swears a solemn oath to support
William of Normandy's claim to England.
1065 - Northumbria rebels against Tostig, who
Norman & Medieval 1066 AD-1485 AD
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