899 - Death of King Alfred the Great of Wessex
& All England. He is succeeded by his son,
901 - King Edward the Elder of Wessex takes
the title "King of the Angles and
Saxons". His mother, Dowager-Queen
Ealhswith, founds the Nunnaminster at Winchester
and retires into a religious life there. Death of
King Aethelstan (alias Guthrum) of East Anglia.
He is succeeded by his son, Eric.
902 - The Norsemen are expelled from Dublin.
After a brief foray into Seisyllwg, a group,
under one Ingimund, settle in the Wirral with the
agreement of Lady Aethelflaed of the Mercians.
905 - The Norse settler, Ingimund, and his men
revolt against the Mercians and try to take the
city of Chester. They are beaten off.
907 - Lady Aethelflaed of the Mercians
refortifies Chester against Viking attacks. King
Edward the Elder of England founds Romsey Abbey.
Ealdorman Aethelmar founds Cerne Abbey on the
site of the hermitage of St. Edwold.
909 - Death of Bishop Asser of Sherborne. The
See is divided and the new Bishoprics created at
Wells, Crediton and Ramsbury & Sonning. King
Edward the Elder of England and his sister,
Princess Aethelflaed of Mercia, raid Danish East
Anglia and bring back the body of St. Oswald in
triumph. Aethelflaed presents it to her
foundation in Gloucester.
910 - King Edward the Elder of England attacks
the Joint-Kings Halfdan II, Eowils Ragnarson of
Norse York. All three monarchs are killed at the
Battle of Tettenhall and their kingdom crippled.
Ragnall I Ivarrson, grandson of Ivarr the
Boneless, seizes the throne after years of
roaming the Western Seas.
911 - Death of Lord Aethelred II of the
Mercians. He is buried in St. Oswald's Priory,
Gloucester and is succeeded by his wife, Princess
Aethelflaed of Wessex, as Lady of the Mercians.
Her brother, King Edward the Elder of England
insists on taking control of London and Oxford.
912 - The increasing thread of Viking
invasions encourages Lady Aethelflaed of the
Mercians to expand her policy of building
defensive burghs within her kingdom.
913 - King Edward the Elder of England
recaptures Essex from the Danes. Death of
High-Reeve Eadulf of Bamburgh. He is succeeded by
his son, Ealdred I, who is almost immediately
driven out by King Ragnall I Ivarrson of Norse
York. Ealdred flees to the Court of King
Constantine II of Alba.
914 - High-Reeve Ealdred I of Bamburgh
persuades King Constantine II of Alba to invade
Norse controlled Bernicia in an attempt to
restore his position. The Vikings defeat the
Scots at the First Battle of Corbridge. Other
Vikings harry the Welsh Coast and move up the
Severn. They capture Bishop Cyfeilliog of Ergyng,
but are driven out by Mercian levies from
Hereford and Gloucester.
c.915 - The body of St. Edmund of East Anglia
is transferred to Bury St. Edmunds.
916 - English raiders attack the court of King
Tewdr of Brycheiniog at Llangorse and make off
with the Queen and thirty-three of her courtiers.
917 - Lady Aethelflaed of the Mercians cements
an alliance with Kings Constantine II of Alba and
Constantine mac Aed of Strathclyde against Norse
York. She captures the city of Derby, while her
brother, King Edward the Elder of England, takes
Towcester. Aethelflaed's armies also ravage
Brycheiniog in revenge for the killing of the,
now unknown, Abbot Ecgberht.
918 - Death of King Eric of East Anglia. East
Anglia brought under Wessex rule. High-Reeve
Ealdred I of Bamburgh again persuades King
Constantine II of Alba to help him reclaim his
position in Bernicia. They mount a second
invasion of his now Norse controlled lands. The
Vikings defeat the Scots again at the Second
Battle of Corbridge, but take heavy casualties
themselves. Ealdred probably manages to retake
most of Northern Bernicia. Lady Aethelflaed of
the Mercians begins to intrigue with diaffected
factions within the Norse Kingdom of York and
peacefully overruns the Borough of Leicester. Her
brother, King Edward the Elder of England, takes
Stamford by force. King Idwal Foel of Gwynedd and
King Hywel Dda and Prince Clydog of Deheubarth
submit to the overlordship of King Edward. Death
of Lady Aethelflaed of the Mercians at Tamworth.
She is buried in St. Oswald's Priory in
Gloucester and nominally succeeded by her
daughter, the twenty year old Princess Aelfwynn.
919 - Lady Aelfwynn of the Mercians is brought
to the court of her maternal uncle, King Edward
the Elder of England, and deprived of her
authority in Mercia. King Edward formally annexes
the country. The end of independent Mercian rule.
920 - High-Reeve Ealdred I of Bamburgh and his
brother, Uhtred, submit to the overlordship of
King Edward the Elder of England. Death of King
Ragnall I Ivarrson of Norse York. He is succeeded
by his brother, King Sigtrygg Caech of Norse
924 - Death of King Edward the Elder of
England at Farndon-upon-Dee. He is succeeded by
his son, Athelstan, who becomes King of Wessex
and effective ruler of most of England. His
appointment is opposed by one Alfred of unknown
c.924 - St. Eadburga, daughter of King Edward
the Elder of England, enters the Nunnaminster at
Winchester, at an extremely young age.
925 - King Athelstan is finally crowned at
Kingston-on-Thames. He founds Bury St. Edmunds
Abbey around the shrine of St. Edmund of East
926 - Athelstan annexes Northumbria, and
forces the kings of Wales, Strathclyde, the
Picts, and the Scots to submit to him
927 - The border between England and Wales is
set at the River Wye when Kings Hywel Dda of
Deheubarth and Owain of Glywysing & Gwent
submit to the overlordship of King Athelstan of
England at Hereford. Death of King Sigtrygg Caech
of Norse York. King Athelstan of England claims
his kingdom and receives the submission of
High-Reeve Ealdred I of Bamburgh. Practicalities
probably actually meant that ealdred looked more
towards King Constantine II of Alba as his
930 - Death of High-Reeve Ealdred I of
Bamburgh. He is succeeded by his son, Osulf.
High-Reeve Osulf attests a number of Wessex
charters during his reign showing his close
association with the English Court.
931 - Kings Morgan Hen of Glywysing &
Gwent, Hywel Dda of Deheubarth and Idwal Foel of
Gwynedd submit to the overlordship of King
Athelstan of England and attend him at court.
933 - Prince Aelfweard, brother of King
Athelstan of England, is drowned en route to
France and buried at Saint-Bertin.
934 - King Tewdr of Brycheiniog attends the
court of King Athelstan of England and signs
English Land Charters. Kings Hywel Dda of
Deheubarth, Idwal Foel of Gwynedd and Morgan
Mwynfawr of Morgannwg are compelled to accompany
Athelstan on his campaign against King
Constantine II of Alba.
937 - Battle of Brunanburh: Athelstan defeats
alliance of Scots, Strathclyde Britons and
Vikings, and takes the title of "King of
c.937 - King Idwal Foel of Gwynedd distances
himself from his English overlord.
939 - King Athelstan founds Muchelney Abbey.
Death of King Athelstan at Gloucester. He is
buried at Malmesbury Abbey and succeeded by his
half-brother, Edmund the Magnificent.
942 - Kings Idwal Foel of Gwynedd openly
rebels against the overlordship of the English
monarchy. Both he and Llewelyn of Powys are
killed fighting English armies.
945 - St. Dunstan becomes Abbot of Glastonbury.
946 - Edred, younger brother of Edmund, King
of England (to 955); Dunstan is named his chief
949 - King Hywel Dda of Deheubarth, Gwynedd
& Powys attends the court of King Eadred of
954 - Death of King Eric Bloodaxe of Norse
York. King Eadred of Wessex becomes King of All
England. High-Reeve Osulf of Bamburgh is
appointed Ealdorman of Northumbria.
955 - Kings Iago of Gwynedd, Owain of
Deheubarth and Morgan Hen of Glywysing &
Gwent attend the court of King Eadred of England.
Edwy, son of Edmund, King of England (to 959).
c.955 - Archbishop Oda of Canterbury rebuilds
956 - St. Dunstan is sent into exile by King
957 - Mercians and Northumbrians rebel against
959 - Edgar the Peaceable, younger brother of
Edwy, King of England (to 975).
960 - Death of Princess Eadburga, aunt of King
Edgar the Peaceable of England, at the
Nunnaminster in Winchester where is as a nun. She
is buried there and later revered as a saint.
961 - Tavistock Abbey is founded by Ealdorman
Ordgar of Devon.
963 - Death of Ealdorman Osulf of Northumbria.
He is succeeded by his son, Waltheof I. Death of
Bishop Brihthelm of Winchester. He is succeeded
by St. Aethelwold, Abbot of Abingdon.
964 - Foundation of Milton Abbey.
966 - Re-foundation of Peterborough
(Medshamstead) Abbey as a Benedictine Monastery
by Bishop Aethelwold of Winchester.
967 - Re- foundation of Romsey Abbey by King
Edgar of England and Ealdorman Aethelwold of
Wessex, with St. Merewenna as Abbess.
969 - Foundation of Ramsey Abbey.
970 - Re-foundation of Pershore Abbey. It
acquires relics of St. Eadburga from Winchester.
971 - St. Aethelwold, Bishop of Winchester,
instigates massive building operations at
Winchester. He extends the Old Minster westward
with two enormous apses and a crossing tower to
cover St. Swithun's external tomb and make it the
centre of a 'shrine-church'. It supposedly rains
there for "forty days and forty
nights". Foundation of Crowland Abbey.
973 - After his coronation, King Edgar of
England marches his army north to Chester. His
navy meets him there via the Irish Sea. This show
of strength persuades the Northern Kings to
submit to his overlordship. Legend says he is
rowed across the Dee by Kings Kenneth of Alba,
Malcolm of the Cumbrians, Magnus of Man & the
Isles, Donald of Strathclyde, Iago of Gwynedd,
Princes Hywel of Gwynedd, Ithel and Siferth (the
latter two of unknown origin). The Council of
Winchester calls for English monastic reform and
draws up a code of practice known as the Regularis
Concordia. Foundation of Thorney Abbey.
974 - King Edgar gives English help to Prince
Hywel in ousting his uncle, King Iago of Gwynedd
from his kingdom. The tomb of St. Swithun is
opened at Winchester Old Minster and his body
dismembered. His head shrine is placed in the
sacristy and his major shrine behind the high
975 - Edward the Martyr, son of Edgar, King of
England (to 978).
c.977 - St. Aethelwold, Bishop of Winchester,
rebuilds the western end of Winchester Old
Minster, with twin towers and no apses.
EBK 599 AD-937 AD
Saxon 978 AD-1066 AD
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