The Britannia Lexicon

TALLAGE :
tax levied on boroughs and on the tenants living on royal estates.

TENANT-in-CHIEF :
lord or institution (the Church being most common) holding land directly from the king. All Earls are Tenants-in-Chief.

TENON :
the projection left at the end of a piece of timber to be inserted into the socket or mortise made to receIve it.

TENTH :
ecclesiastical or royal percentage tax on produce, profits or property.

TESTER :
canopy for altar or pulpit.

TEUTONIC KNIGHTS :
German fighting order with main bases in Prussia, Hungary and Germany. Recruits almost exclusively from German-speaking peoples of Europe.

THANE :
originally meaning a Military Companion to the King. It has come to mean a land holding administrative office.

THIRD PENNY :
the local earls one third share of fines in shire or hundred courts, often allocated afterwards to a particular manor or church as income.

TIE-BEAM :
the main beam laid across the space between the walls forming the base for the principal rafters and their support.

TIERCERON RIB :
that which springs from a common source to the ridge arriving at different points but not crossing the centre.

TITHE :
one tenth of a persons income given to support the church.

TONSURE :
the rite of shaving the crown of the head of the person joining a monastic order or the secular clergy. It symbolizes admission to the clerical state.

TOURNEY :
mock combat for knights.

"TOWN AIR IS FREE AIR" :
words used in many town charters to proclaim freedom for any serf who lives there for a year and a day with out being claimed by his lord.

TRACERY :
intersecting decoration of a window.

TRANSEPT :
the north and south extending limbs of a cruciform church.

TRANSITIONAL :
'Transitional Norman' - the transition from Norman to Gothic.

TRANSLATE :
to transfer bishops from one see to another.

TRANSOM :
the horizontal cross-bar to the mullions of a window or the tracery of a screen.

TRANSSUBSTANTIATION :
to Roman Catholics, one of the central mysteries of the faith, in which the substance of bread and wine were mystically converted into the body and blood of Christ.

TRANSVERSE ARCH :
an arch crossing a vault and dividing it into bays.

TREASURER :
the chief financial officer of the realm, and senior officer of the "Exchequer".

TREBUCHET :
stone throwing engine worked by counterweight.

TREFOIL :
three-leafed decoration in tracery.

TRIFORIUM (BLIND STOREY) :
arcaded storey above the arches and below the clerestory in a major church, often containing a gallery.

TRUSS :
framed support of timber usually to uphold the roof.

TUNNEL VAULT :
springs from opposite walls and presents a concave surface throughout its length.

TURRET :
small tower rising above and resting on one of the main towers, usually used as a look out point.

TWENTIETH :
another type of tax.

TYMPANUM :
space between the lintel arch in a Saxon or Norman doorway, often containing elaborate carving.




A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M

N | O | P | Q | R | S | U | V | W | X | Y | Z