- tax levied on boroughs and on the tenants living on royal estates.
- lord or institution (the Church being most common) holding land directly from the
king. All Earls are Tenants-in-Chief.
- the projection left at the end of a piece of timber to be inserted into the socket
or mortise made to receIve it.
- ecclesiastical or royal percentage tax on produce, profits or property.
- canopy for altar or pulpit.
- German fighting order with main bases in Prussia, Hungary and Germany. Recruits almost
exclusively from German-speaking peoples of Europe.
- originally meaning a Military Companion to the King. It has come to mean a land holding
- THIRD PENNY
- the local earls one third share of fines in shire or hundred courts, often allocated
afterwards to a particular manor or church as income.
- the main beam laid across the space between the walls forming the base for the principal
rafters and their support.
- that which springs from a common source to the ridge arriving at different points
but not crossing the centre.
- one tenth of a persons income given to support the church.
- the rite of shaving the crown of the head of the person joining a monastic order or
the secular clergy. It symbolizes admission to the clerical state.
- mock combat for knights.
- "TOWN AIR IS FREE AIR"
- words used in many town charters to proclaim freedom for any serf who lives there
for a year and a day with out being claimed by his lord.
- intersecting decoration of a window.
- the north and south extending limbs of a cruciform church.
- 'Transitional Norman' - the transition from Norman to Gothic.
- to transfer bishops from one see to another.
- the horizontal cross-bar to the mullions of a window or the tracery of a screen.
- to Roman Catholics, one of the central mysteries of the faith, in which the substance
of bread and wine were mystically converted into the body and blood of Christ.
- an arch crossing a vault and dividing it into bays.
- the chief financial officer of the realm, and senior officer of the "Exchequer".
- stone throwing engine worked by counterweight.
- three-leafed decoration in tracery.
- TRIFORIUM (BLIND STOREY)
- arcaded storey above the arches and below the clerestory in a major church, often
containing a gallery.
- framed support of timber usually to uphold the roof.
- TUNNEL VAULT
- springs from opposite walls and presents a concave surface throughout its length.
- small tower rising above and resting on one of the main towers, usually used as a
look out point.
- another type of tax.
- space between the lintel arch in a Saxon or Norman doorway, often containing elaborate