The Britannia Lexicon

RABBEY :
semi-groove cut longitudinally on the outer edge of a plank to receive other timber required to fit it.

RAFTER :
the timbers between the principals and intermediates lying on the purlins, they support the boarding and outer roof.

RAPE :
the Sussex equivalent of a "hundred".

REEVE :
term covering various officials: baliffs, stewards, churchwardens, parish overseers, the chiefmagistrate of a town or district, etc.

RELIEF :
fee paid by the heir of a deceased person on securing possession of a fief. Tradition determines the amount demanded.

RELIEVING ARCH :
arch built in wall to relieve thrust on another opening.

REREDOS :
carved or decorative screen behind altar.

RETICULATED :
in tracery, a honeycomb or net pattern.

RETROCHOIR :
eastern space behind high altar.

REVET :
face with a layer of stone, stone slabs, etc, for more strength. Some earth mottes were revetted with stone.

RIB VAULTING :
arched roof with ribs of raised moulding at the groins.

RIDGE-RIB :
the stone or timber placed at the apex of the gable either in a vault or a timber roof.

RING of an ARCH :
each right-angled moulding of an arch forms a ring of the arch, which may be plain or moulded in sections.

ROMANESQUE :
in England, usually termed 'Norman.'

ROOD :
crucifix with attendant figures of Mary and John. The Rood beam was used to support these figures.

RUBBLE :
uncut stone, or only roughly shaped stone, for walling.




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