The Britannia Lexicon

GAEL :
name given to Celtic inhabitants of Scotland, Ireland and the Isle of Man.

GALLERY :
long narrow passage or room.

GARDEROBE :
small latrine or toilet either built into the thickness of the wall or projected out from it.

GARGOYLE :
projecting spout to throw off the water from the roof; often carved with grotesques.

GATE HOUSE :
the complex of towers, bridges, and barriers built to protect each entrance through a castle or town wall.

GRAIN :
the direction, arrangement and appearance of the fibres of wood or a strata of stone. The fibre which forms the substance of wood.

GREAT HALL :
the building in the inner ward that housed the main meeting and dining area for the castle's residence.

GRID-TRACERY :
series of narrow upright lights with cusped heads, in tracery usually divided by a transome.

GROIN :
junction of two curved surfaces in a vault.

GUILDS :
term applied to trade associations. The aims of such associations are to protect members from the competition of foreign merchants and maintain commercial standards. The first guilds where merchant guilds, later came craft guilds as industry has gotten more specialized. Guilds maintain a system of education, whereby apprentices serve a master for five to seven years before becoming a journeyman at about age nineteen. Journeymen work in the shop of a master until they can demonstrate to the leaders of his guild that they are ready for master status. Guild members are forbidden to compete with each other, and merchants are required to sell at a "just price".




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