- the highest title attainable by an English nobleman who is not of royal blood. Also
known in Anglo-Saxon times as Ealdorman.
- EARLY ENGLISH
- the earliest English style of Gothic architecture (1190-1300).
- Irish language.
- the right of a feudal lord to the return of lands held by his vassal, or the holding
of a serf, should either die with out lawful heirs or suffer outlawry.
- the financial department of the royal government. The chief officers of the Exchequer
are the Treasurer, the Chancellor and the Justiciar. Sheriffs, in their role as regional
chief accountants, present reports to the exchequer at Easter and Michaelmass.
- exclusion from the membership of the church or from communion with faithful Christians.
Those judged "tolerati" may still mingle with the faithful, but those "vitandi" cannot
and are exiled.
- the right of the king (or justices acting in his name) to visit and inspect the holdings
of any vassal. this is done periodically, usually at irregular intervals of a few