British History,Monarchs of Great Britain,King Arthur

KINGDOMS of the HEPTARCHY




THE KINGS of EAST ANGLIA

- East Anglian Rule
Wehha
Wuffa (son of Wehha) 571-578
Tyttla (son of Wuffa) 578-593
Raedwald (son of Tyttla) 593-617
Eni (son of Tyttla) 617-618
Eorpwald (son of Raedwald) 618-628
Ricbert 628-631
Sigebert (St.) (son of Raedwald) 631-634
Egric (son of Eni) 634-635
Anna (nephew of Raedwald) 635-654
Aethelhere (brother of Anna) 654-655
Aethelwold (brother of Anna) 655-664
Ealdwulf (nephew of Aethelwold 664-713
Aelfwald (brother of Ealdwulf) 713-749
Hun 749-? (joint)
Beorna 749-c.758 (joint)
Alberht 749-? (joint)
Aethelred c.758-779
Aethelberht (St.) 779-794

- Under Mercian Rule 794-796

- East Anglian Rule
Eadwald 796

- Under Mercian Rule 796-827

- East Anglian Rule
Aethelstan 827-839
Aethelweard 839-855
Edmund (St.) 855-870

- Sub-Kings under Norse Rule
Oswald 870-876
Aethelred 876-879

- Norse Rule
Guthrum I (alias Aethelstan) 879-890
Eric (son of Guthrum) 890-902
Guthrum II 902-918

Under Rule of Wessex 918 onwards




THE KINGS of ESSEX

- Kings of Essex
Aescwine, 527-587
Sledda, 587-604
Saebert, 604-616
Saeward, 616 (joint)
Sexbald, 616 (joint)
Sexred, 616-617
Sigeberht I, the Little, 617-653
Sigeberht II, the Blessed, 653-660
Swithhelm, 660-665
Sighere, 665-683 (joint)
Sebbi, 665-695
Swaefred, 695-c.715 (joint)
Sigeheard, 695-c.715
Offa, 709 (joint)
Swaefbert, c.715-738
Saelred, 738-746
Swithred, 746-758
Sigeric I, 758-798
Sigered, 798-812

- Duces of Essex
Sigered, 812-825 (as above)
Sigeric II, c.833




THE KINGS of KENT

- Kentish Rule
Hengest, c.455-488
Aesc alias Oeric Oisc, 488-512
Octa, 512-540
Eormenric, 540-560
Aethelbert I, 560-616
Eadbald, 616-640
Earconbert, 640-664
Ecgbert I, 664-673
Hlothere, 673-685
Eadric, 685-686
Mul, 686-687

- Interregnum 687-688
Oswine, 688-690
Wihtraed, 690-725
Aethelbert II, 725-762
Eanmund, 762-764

- Sub-Kings under Mercian Rule
Heabert, 764-765
Ecgbert II, 765-772

- Under Direct Mercian Rule, 772-776

- Sub-Kings under Mercian Rule
Ecgbert II, 776-785 (again)
Ealhmund, 784-785 (joint)
Ecgbert II (again), 784-785

- Under Direct Mercian Rule, 785-796

- Kentish Rule
Eadbert Praen, 796-798

- Mercian Sub-King
Cuthred, 798-807

- Under Direct Mercian Rule, 807-823

- Mercian Sub-King
Baldred, 823-824

- Wessex Sub-Kings
Aethelwulf, 824-839
Aethelstan, 839-851
Aethelbert, 851-860

Kent merged with the Kingdom of Wessex in 860

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Evidence of numerous joint Kings in Kent suggests that, from the reign of King Aethelbert I, a seperate sub-kingdom may have existed based on the Diocese of Rochester:

Eadbald, c.560-616
Aethelwald, c.616-640
Eormenred, c.640-673
Eadric, 673-686
Sighere (of Essex), c.686-688
Swaefheard (of Essex), 688-694
Aethelbert, 694-725
Eadbert I, 725-748
Eadbert II, 748-762
Eardwulf, 748-762 (joint)
Sigered ,762-764




THE KINGS of MERCIA

- Mercian Rule
Creoda (son of Icel), c.585-593
Pybba (son of Creoda), 593-606
Ceorl (kinsman of Creoda), 606-626 Penda (son of Pybba), 626-655

- Northumbrian Rule, 655-658 with Mercian sub-king of Middle Anglia
Peada (son of Penda), 655-656

- Mercian Rule
Wulfhere (son of Penda), 658-675
Aethelred I (brother of Wulfhere), 675-704
Coenred (son of Wulfhere), 704-709
Coelred (son of Aethelred), 709-716
Coelwald, 716 (son of Aetherlred)
Aethelbald (son of Alwih), 716-757
Beornred (line of Coenwalh), 757
Offa (son of Thingfrith, son of Eanulf), 757-796
Ecgfrith (son of Offa), 796
Coenwulf (line of Coenwalh), 796-821
Cenelm (St.) (son of Ceonwulf), 821
Ceolwulf I (line of Coenwalh), 821-823
Beornwulf (line of Beornred), 823-825
Ludecan, 825-827
Wiglaf, 827-828 (father-in-law of Coelwulf I's daughter)

- Under Wessex Rule, 828-830

- Mercian Rule
Wiglaf (again), 830-840
Wigstan (St.) (grandson of Wiglaf), 840
Beorhtwulf (line of Beornwulf), 840-852
Burghred, 852-874

- Sub-Kings under Norse Rule
Ceolwulf II (line of Ceolwulf I), 874-879

- Mercian Rule
Aethelred II, 879-884
- Lord/Ladies of the Mercians under Wessex Overlordship
Aethelred II, 884-911 (as above)
Aethelflaed, c.888- 918 (joint)
Aelfwynn, 918-919

Mercia merged with the Kingdom of Wessex in 919




THE KINGS of NORTHUMBRIA

Comprising the Former Kingdoms of Bernicia and Deira

- Kings of Bernicia
Esa, fl. 500
Eoppa (son of Esa), fl. c.520
Ida (son of Eoppa), 547-559
Glappa (son of Ida), 559-560
Adda (son of Ida), 560-568
Aethelric (son of Ida), 568-572
Theodric (son of Ida), 572-579
Frithuwald (son of Ida), 579-585
Hussa (grandson of Ida), 585-593
Aethelfrith (son of Aethelric), 593-616
Edwin (St.) (of Deira), 616-633
Eanfrith (son of Aethelfrith), 633-634
Oswald (St.) (son of Aethelfrith), 634-642
Oswiu (son of Aethelfrith), 642-670

- Kings of Deira
Aelle (son of Yffi), 559-589
Aethelric (brother of Aelle), 589-604
Aethelfrith (of Bernicia, son of Aethelric), 604-616
Edwin (St.) (son of Aelle), 616-633
Osric (son of Aelfric), 633-634
Oswald (St.) (of Bernicia), 634-642
Oswiu (of Bernicia), 642-644
Oswine (St.) (son of Osric), 644-651
Aethelwald (son of Oswald), 651-656
Alchfrith (son of Oswiu), 656-664
Oswiu (of Bernicia), 664-670 (again)
Aelfwine (son of Oswiu), 670-679

- Kings of Northumbria Oswiu, 664-670
Ecgfrith (son of Oswiu), 670-685
Aeldfrith (son of Oswiu), 685-704
Eadwulf, 704-705
Osred I (son of Aeldfrith), 705-716
Coenred (line of Ogg), 716-718
Osric (son of Ealdfrith), 718-729
Ceolwulf (St.) (brother of Coenred), 729-737
Eadberht (cousin of Ceolwulf), 737-758
Oswulf (son of Eadberht), 758-759
Aethelwald Moll, 759-765
Ealchred (son-in-law of Oswulf), 765-774
Aethelred I (son of Aethelwald Moll), 774-779
Aelfwald I (son of Oswulf), 779-789
Osred II (son of Ealhred), 789-790
Aethelred I (again), 790-796
Osbald, 796
Eardwulf, 796-806
Aelfwald II, 806-808
Eardwulf (restored), 808-810
Eanred (son of Eardwulf), 810-841
Aethelred II (son of Eanred), 841-844
Raedwulf (usurper), 844
Aethelred II (again) 844-848
Osbeorht 848-863
Aelle II (usurper) 863-867

- Sub-Kings under Norse York Rule
Ecgberht I, 867-872
Ricsige, 872-876
Ecgberht II, 876-878

- Deira under Norse York Control from 878 - High-Reeves of Bamburgh
Eadulf, ?-913
Ealdred I (son of Eadulf), 913-930
Osulf (son of Ealdred), 930-963
Waltheof (son of Osulf), 963-970
Uchtred the Bold (son of Waltheof), 995-1016
Eadulf I (son of Waltheof), 1016-1019
Ealdred II (son of Uchtred), 1019-1038
Eadulf II, 1038-1041 (son of Uchtred)




THE KINGS of SUSSEX

The Kings of Sussex remain obscure and few of their names are known. Some were independent; some were sub-Kings under the rule of Mercia or Wessex; others, it has been suggested, were only regional rulers, the Kingdom being divided into at least two divisions as it remains today.

Aella 477-514
Cissa 514-?

Aethelwalh ?-685
Berhtun 685-686 (joint)
Andhun 685-?
Caedwalla 686-688
Kings in Sussex
Wattus ?-692
Nothelm 692-c.714
Athelstan c.714-c.720
Nunna c.720-725 (possibly the same as Nothelm)
Athelbert 725-c.750

Osmund 758-772
Dukes in Sussex
Ealdwulf 765-c.791 (joint)
Elfwald c.772

Oswald c.772
Oslac c.772




THE KINGS of WESSEX

- Wessex Rule
Cerdic, 519-534
Cynric (son of Cerdic), 534-560
Ceawlin (son of Cynric), 560-591
Ceol (son of Cutha), 591-97
Ceolwulf (son of Cutha), 597-611
Cynegils (son of Ceol), 611-643
Cenwalh (son of Cynegils), 643-645

- Under Mercian Rule, 645-648

- Wessex Rule
Cenwalh (again), 648-672
Seaxburh (Queen of Cenwalh), 672-674
Cenfus (line of Ceolwulf), 674
Aescwine (son of Cenfus), 674-676
Centwine (son of Cynegils), 676-685
Caedwalla (line of Ceawlin), 685-688
Ine (line of Ceawlin), 688-726
Aethelheard (brother-in-law of Ine), 726-740
Cuthred (kinsman of Aethelheard), 740-756
Sigeberht, 756-757
Cynewulf, 757-786
Beorhtric, 786-802

- Wessex Rule, claimants to the title, 'King of the English'
Egbert, 802-839
Aethelwulf, 839-858
Aethelbald, 858-860
Aethelbert, 860-865
Aethelred I, 865-871
Alfred, the Great, 871-884

In 884, King Alfred the Great's claim to be King of the English became a reality with the reduction of the Kingdoms of both Mercia and Bernicia to mere Lordships.


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