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Details of the Ancestry of Lot Luwddoc
by David Nash Ford


LOT
LUWDDOC'S
ANCESTRY
Votadinian Tribal Origins

Lot Luwddoc (of the Host) is well-known from Arthurian stories as either the King of Orkney or of Lothian. The latter was Lot's actual kingdom and was named after him. It was originally called Gododdin, a name taken from the tribe of the Votadini who lived in the area.

Lot was portrayed by Geoffrey of Monmouth as Llew ap Cynfarch, a brother of King Urien Rheged of North Rheged (Cumbria), but it is unlikely that the Rheged dynasty extended their influence as far as the Forth. In his Chronica Gentis Scotorum, John of Fortrun claims Lot was descended from Fulgentius, an early mythical King of Britain mentioned by Geoffrey; whilst John of Glastonbury gives an implausible descent from one Petrus, a supposed follower of St. Joseph of Arimathea:

Petrus
Erlan
Melianus
Arguth
Edor
Lot

It is, however, much more probable that Lot's ancestry is recorded in the otherwise unidentified 'Pedigree 16' in the Harleian MS 3859:

Constantini Constantius, Roman Emperor
Constantini Magni Constantine the Great, Roman Emperor
Constantis Constantine II, Emperor of the West
Teuhant Tasciovanus, Chief of the Catuvellauni
Cinbelin Cunobelinus, Chief of the Catuvellauni
Caratauc Caratacus, Chief of the Catuvellauni
Guid Gen Gwyddien alias Gwydion
Louhen Lleu Hen (the Old) alias Lleu Llaw Gyffes
Cinis Scaplaut Corrupt
Decion Roman Office of Decurion
Catel Cadell
Catleu Cadlew, mentioned briefly by Geoffrey of Monmouth
Letan Lleuddun alias Lot Luwddoc (of the Host)

Lot's ancestry is therefore quite muddled. However, his great grandfather's name, Decion or Decurion, may indicate descent from men given Roman military positions in the borderland buffer zone north of Hadrian's Wall. The appearance of Lleu and Gwydion would seem to show the commonly claimed descent from Celtic Gods, though their positioning is a little strange. The latter was associated with Arfon in North Wales and their presence has led to a suggestion that this line represents that of an unknown group of lords from this area. Gwydion may also represent Guiderius, Geoffrey's name for Togodumnus, Chief of the Catuvellauni tribe (from Hertfordshire) and brother of Caratacus, shown in the previous generation. Caratacus, Cunobelinus and Tasciovanus are historical pre-Roman figures recorded by Dio Cassius and Tacitus. The Roman Emperors are obviously completely misplaced and actually extend back through a long list of their twenty-nine predecessors in the Imperial office, represented as a single family. Lot's descent continues thus:

Letan Lleuddun alias Lot Luwddoc (of the Host)
Serguan Serwan, probably the origin of the form Sir Gawain. Also known as Gwalchmai
Caurtam Cawrdaf
Caten Cathen
Neithon Neithon
Run Rhun

According to various traditions, largely Arthurian, Lot married Anna Morgause daughter of Gorlois of Tintagel and maternal half-sister of King Arthur. Together, they had a number of children:

  • Gwalchmai alias Gawain Gwalltafwyn, King of Gododdin, Abt 491 -
    m. Ragnelle the Loathly Lady
  • Aggrafayne, Abt 494 -
  • Garwth alias Gweir, Abt 497 - , m. Lynet the Damsel Savage
  • Gwalchafed alias Gaheris, Abt 500 - , m. Lyones of the Castle Perilous
  • Medrod alias Mordred, Abt 503 - , m(1) Unknown & m(2) Guinevere ferch Lleudd Ogrfan Gawr (the Giant)
  • Clarissant, Abt 507 -
  • Thaney, Abt 511 - , m. Owein ap Urien, King of North Rheged, Abt 510 -
  • Eries, Abt 514 -
  • Soredamor, Abt 517 -
  • Itonie, Abt 521 -
  • Peren, Abt 525 - , m. Bugi ap Gwynllyw, Abt 525 -
  • St. Tenoi, Abt 530 - , m. Dingat ap Nudd, King of Selcovia, Abt 540

 


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