of Graig-Llwyn's Arthurian
David Nash Ford
G R A I G
L L W Y N
has its own claimant to the title of Camelot. Welsh
Historians, Blackett & Wilson explain all.
& Wilson claim that their King Athrwys
of Gwent & Glywysing, an historical
monarch of controversial early 6th or mid-7th century
origin lived at the real Camelot. This, they locate at
Castle Field in Graig-Llwyn near Lisvane (Glamorgan).
Castle Field has sulphur pits nearby which lead
Blackett & Wilson, like Barber
& Pykitt, to derive the name Camelot from
Caer-Melyn (Fort of Yellow). The name was apparently
rendered Castrum Mellitus (Fort of Honey) by the
Romans; hence Caer-Mellit or Camelot in French.
Archaeology: Castle Field is a very small
Iron Age hillfort, seventy-nine metres long by fifty
metres wide. It has close-set multiple defences, whose
banks appear to be mostly of earth with no sign of
stone revetments. There have, as yet, been no
archaeological excavations on the site.
Interpretations & Criticism: This
ancient site at Craig-Llwyn seems rather small to have
been the chief residence of King Athrwys of Gwent
& Glywysing, let alone the great city of Camelot.
On the whole, Barber & Pykitt's identification of
Caer-Melyn as Llanmelin near Caerwent is to be
preferred. Perhaps future archaeological investigation
will finally settle the matter.