British History,Monarchs of Great Britain,King Arthur

Glastonbury Abbey
The Legends of King Arthur and Joseph of Arimathea

Article Notes

1) Matthew 27:57-9; Mark 15:43-6; Luke 23: 50-5; John 19: 38-42

2) Watkin, Dom Aelred, The Glastonbury "Pyramids" and St. Patrick's "Companion", The Downside Review 63 (1945), p.41

3) Sherley-Price, Leo, trans., Bede: A History of the English Church and People, Penguin Books, 1965, p.42

4) Salway, Peter, The Oxford Illustrated History of Roman Britain, Oxford University Press, 1993

5) Ibid., Sherley-Price, p.35

6) Scott, John, Early History of Glastonbury: An edition, translation and study of William of Malmesbury's De Antiquitate Glastoniensis Ecclesiae, Boydell Press, Woodbridge, Suffolk, 1981

7) Ibid., Scott, p.49

8) Ashe, Geoffrey, King Arthur's Avalon: the Story of Glastonbury, Barnes & Noble, 1992, p.42

9) Ibid., Scott

10) Carley, James P., Glastonbury Abbey, St. Martin's Press, New York, 1988, p.15

11) Newell, W. W., William of Malmesbury on the Antiquity of Glastonbury, PMLA, XVIII (1903), p.463

12) Ibid., Scott, pp.3-5

13) Ibid., Carley, p.22

14) Hearne, T., Adam de Domerham: Historia de rebus glastoniensibus, Oxford, 1727, p.344

15) Richard, while not interested in the abbey must have had some awareness of the Arthurian legends and their potential for exploitation, since he is said to have presented to Tancred I of Sicily, on 6 March 1991 while on his way to the First Crusade, a sword alleged to be Arthur's "Caliburnus," which had been dug up at Glastonbury (account originally appeared in the chronicle, "Gesta Regis Ricardi," by Benedict of Peterborough, dated 1192). Chambers, E.K., Arthur of Britain, Cambridge: Speculum Historiale, 1927, 1964, p.124

16) Lagorio, Valerie, The Evolving Legend of St. Joseph of Glastonbury, Speculum, XLVI, #2, April, 1971, pp.209-31

17) Thorpe, Lewis, trans., Gerald of Wales: The Journey Through Wales and The Description of Wales, Penguin Books, 1978, p.284

18) Ibid., Thorpe, Gerald of Wales, p.282

19) The accounts of the inscriptions are as follows:
Ralph of Coggeshall, "Chronicon Anglicanum," c.1225
John Leland, 1542
William Camden, "Britannia," 1607

"Here lies the famous King Arthur, buried in the isle of Avalon"
Monks of St. Albans, "Chronica Majora," mid- to late-13th Century

"Here lies the renowned King Arthur, buried in the isle of Avalon"
Adam of Domerham, "Historia de rebus Glastoniensibus," 1291

"Here lies interred in the isle of Avalon, the renowned King Arthur"
Gerald of Wales, "Liber de Principis instructione," c.1193

"Here lies buried the famous King Arthur with Guinevere his second wife in the isle of Avalon"
Gerald of Wales, "Speculum Ecclesiae," c.1216

"Here lies buried the famous King Arthur in the isle of Avalon with his second wife Guinevere"
Margam Abbey (Wales), "Chronicle," some date itearly 1190's, others, 14th century

"Here lies the famous King Arthur, buried in the isle of Avalon"
Simon of Abingdon, dating and authenticity highly uncertain

"Here lies Arthur, the glorious king of the Britons"

20) Ibid., Thorpe, Gerald of Wales, p.13

21) Ibid., Thorpe, Gerald of Wales, p.16

22) Thorpe, Lewis, trans., Geoffrey of Monmouth: The History of the Kings of Britain, Penguin Books, 1966, p.261

23) Ibid., Thorpe, Gerald of Wales, p.285

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