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Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman

Campbell-Bannerman, a Scot born in Glasgow, began his career in 1868 as a member of Parliament. He served in the Admiralty and War Office during the first two Gladstone governments before being named secretary for Ireland (1884-85). He became Gladstone's secretary for War, a cabinet post which he held throughout his third and fourth ministries.

In 1889, Campbell-Bannerman assumed Liberal leadership in the Commons. He spoke out against treatment of prisoners in the Boer War in concentration camps, creating a rift with party imperialists. When Balfour resigned as prime minister in 1905, he was called upon to form a government. He unified the party and led them to a resounding victory in the general election , 1906. An accomplished politician, Campbell-Bannerman put together a powerhouse of a cabinet that included three prime ministers to be; Asquith, Lloyd George and Churchill. As brilliant as they were, much of the legislation they drafted in 1906-07 covering trade, shipping and patents failed to pass the Lords.

While prime minister, South Africa, namely the Transvaal (1906) and the Orange River Colony (1907) were granted the right of self-rule, self-government. He resigned in 5 April 1908, due to his health, and died little more than two weeks later.


1905-8 - Theodore Roosevelt is president of the United States.
1907 - Pablo Picasso paints his first masterpiece, "Les Demoiselles d'Avignon."

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