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William Wyndham Grenville
1806-07
WHIG


Grenville entered the Commons in 1782. He held several posts including secretary for Ireland, home secretary (1791-94) and foreign secretary under Pitt the Younger for three years. He resigned with Pitt in 1801 to protest the kings refusal to emancipate the Catholics under the Act of Union of 1800. Grenville refused to serve in Pitt's government of 1804 due to the exclusion of Charles James Fox, who became leader of the opposition and cooperated with Pitt in the impeachment of the then governor general of India, Warren Hastings.

It was after Pitt death, in 1806, that Grenville became prime minister of the 'All the Talents' coalition government. He installs Fox as foreign secretary. His government is credited with the abolition of the slave trade in England.




 Perspective

1806 - William Pitt, the Younger and Charles James Fox die. The British occupy Cape of Good Hope (Cape Town). Joseph Bonaparte is crowned King of Naples. Louis Bonaparte is King of Holland. Prussia declares war on France. British blockade the French coast. Napoleon arrives in Berlin following victories at Jena and Auerstadt. He closes continental ports to British vessels. Beethoven composes his Symphony No. 4 in B-flat major, Op. 60 and Violin Concerto, Op. 61. In England, construction of Dartmour Prison begins.
1807 - Napoleon signs treaty with Russian Czar and King of Prussia. Jerome Bonaparte become King of Westphalia. U.S. Embargo Act is passed against Britain and France. France invades Portugal; royals flee to Brazil. Wordsworth's "Ode on Intimations of Immortality" is published. Turner paints "Sun Rising in a Mist." England prohibits the slave trade. Steam driven paddle boats built by Robert Fulton navigate on the Hudson River.

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