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William Petty FitzMaurice
2nd Earl of Shelburne
July, 1782- February, 1783

Shelburne, as he was known since all references to his government are made accordingly, was a statesman, and like Pitt the Elder, an opponent of the American policy of George III.

He served in Grenville's government as president of the board of trade and in under Pitt (referred to as the Chatham/Grafton ministry) as as secretary of state. (1766-68) a post he resigned dueto opposition to his position on the colonies. After Lord North's government fell in 1782, Shelburne returned as secretary of state under Rockingham. After Rockingham's death Shelburne took over as prime minister. While in office for only seven months, he completed the negotiation of the treaty of Versailles, making peace with the former colonies and bringing an end to the American Revolution. His government was then promptly defeated a Charles James Fox and Lord North coalition.

Shelburne's politcal career was at an end. In 1784, Shelburne was created the Marquess of Lansdowne. He spent his time as patron to reformers.

PHOTO CREDIT: Detail of painting in the National Portrait Gallery, London.


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