The Franciscans arrived in England in 1224, and settled in Canterbury, London and Oxford. They are a mendicant order, founded by St. Francis of Assisi.
Their star seemed to rise for about a hundred years, but faded in the mid fourteenth century., when they went into a period of laxity and decline, possibly as a result of the Black Death. Even during the lifetime of St. Francis, himself, there was discord about the future direction of the Order. Various attempts at reform produced off-shoots known as the Observants (most of whom were arrested by Henry VIII during the English Reformation) and the Capuchins, who never reached England.
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